Thursday, May 28, 2020

Swearing Words Are Rarely, If Ever, Inert For Meaning - 1100 Words

Swearing: Words Are Rarely, If Ever, Inert For Meaning (Essay Sample) Content: SwearingStudents Name:Institution:Words are rarely, if ever, inert for meaningIn every day of our social interactions within the society, language is considered the preliminary communication medium. This is one of the most powerful ideas that guide communication in civility. In their book, The Keys to Academic English, Hale and Basides have sufficiently laid out the elements of effective communication. They focus most of their discussion on the extent to which the offensive capacity of the swearing language can impact communication. The two authors consider communication and language interconnection by depicting the formation and function of language as a predominant factor to the onset of a formal communication, (Hale and Basides, 2013).Further, Hale and Basides challenge the utility and efficiency of multilingualism. They assert that the proficiency registered by communication is a higher ideal rather than the ability to converse in multiple language. Their book tak es a deep exploration into scholarly communication through a les model where words used offensively affect the potential communication of an academic register, (Hale and Basides, 2013). Besides, the strategy to understand a language is portrayed by the desire or need for control over the form and content in language. Jay, 2009 suggests that the language content and form are the background against which an effective academic communication is keened on.Hale and Basides in their established framework argue that the academic register should not only follow established rules which are conventional to civility during communication, but also conform to what the social rules within the target audience dictates. According to Hale and Basides, 2013, "words are rarely, if ever, inert for meaning" (p. 57), since they are accompanied with several diverse meanings which vary from one social definition to another. Words, depend on the context of communication and the audience being involved, (Jay, 2009).The presence of swearing word in any communication makes it impossible to a meaningful communication. It is inappropriate for an individual to use swearing in academic registers. . Register refers to a special type of language that is socially defined, by formality or for specific application in a trade, profession, skill or other social division (Hale Basides, 2013, p. 58). On the other hand it is worth noting that offensive language is always accompanied by a socio-ethnic inspiration. For instance, in some communities, how some of its members apply the expressive language is often integrated down to their relationships with other members of the community, (White, 2002, pg. 31). Although not all expressive words are offensive, it is equally important to make sure that an individuals register does not offend to an extent of attracting condemnation from law enforcements such as hate speech, sexual harassment, Obscene telephone call or verbal abuse, (Jay, 2009)Swearing languag e can be given a binary prism approach on the nature of abusive or non-abusive swearing. Swearing is not static. Swearing is not static and is subject to a dichotomy that identifies swearing "as both socially integrative and for insult" (White, 2002, 31). Farrelly, 2015 in her article argues that everyone has the right to offend since the freedom to offend is a right fundamental to democracy. She suggests to endorse views of Abbot, 2012 that the test of hurt feelings is not compatible with free expression, and that for free speech to gain a meaning, it is the right of others to express what they dislike and it is the freedom to be objectionable and obnoxious.Although swearing allows individuals to vent their emotions, and conversational swearing is not itself insulting, it is subject to degeneration of abusive language, (McEnery, 2004). It would therefore befit an individual to exhibit a mastery of contest and evaluate situations so the register of choice enhances effectiveness in c ommunication. In other words, swear words should not only be shaped by situational factors in particular social settings (White, 2002, p. 32), but also facilitate communicative purposes, (McEnery, 2004).Using an appropriate register requires an individual to possess an elaborate repertoire. A developed repertoire avoids diction which may seem to dehumanize people, or desensitize race through descriptive and prescriptive language, (Freud, 2015). Failure to use euphemism stigmatizes people to their detriment. For instance, sexist language facilitates gendered discrimination. Conversely, terms such as handicapped or disabled to refer to people with disability are politically incorrect and they negate inherent dignity of these people, (Halmari, 2011). In this light, language should be used to promote the social advantage of the interlocutors, (Hale and Basides, 2013). Futhermore, language is a key factor in ordering harmonious relationship among people, (Rassool,2014).Nationally, a regi ster should be composed of communication which enhance cultural and social processes. Altogether, language relations should facilitate social cohesion as well as individual and national interests. Bahabha argues the need to give voice to what he suggests as border lives Bhabha also suggests to address our cultural differences in terms of our cultural values, therefore people or groups from different societies practice different expectation and demand on living which can cause conflict between each other as they may have different opinions and perspective on how their cultural Differences and values are being practiced.However, swearing words...

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Causes Of The Great Awakening - 799 Words

4. Explain the causes of the Great Awakening, and describe its effects on American religion, education, and politics. Over time people felt that religion was dying, and not many people really had one or practiced one, people felt that they needed to revive religion and this was known as the Great Awakening. This Great Awakening started with the fundamentals of religion, and tried to bring people back to christianity. John Edwards was like the leader, he was the head preacher and explained that good salvation game from God and not from doing good. During this Great Awakening, there was another preacher who soon came along, his name was George Whitefield. George Whitefield brought emotion out of people, he was a great speaker, but†¦show more content†¦Since people were always busy working and doing other things, their spare time was for practicing their religion and worshiping. People’s hobbies and things they liked to do such as painting and other arts were also a waste of peoples time. Reading was not very common either, not only were they a waste of time but they were also very expe nsive as well. One of the people who printed books and papers in New York was a man named John Peter Zenger, he wrote about things against the governor and was soon sent to prison because of these acts. 6. Describe the basic features of colonial politics, including the role of various official and informal political institutions. Royal colonies were colonies that were given governors directly from the king. There were eleven colonies, eight of them were royal colonies, and the other three were proprietary colonies which mean that the people that controlled them were local proprietors. Most governors in these colonies got the job done and did a lot for their colonies, but there were some that became corrupt. More people were beginning to be able to vote, although it was limited to only men who were white, more white men were able to vote as well. Land did not limit people anymore, this was one of the things that affected this voting system. In the government more people were using reasoning and logic to solve governmentShow MoreRelatedEssay about Great Awakening912 Words   |  4 PagesThe Great Awakening was when religion was sweeping throughout New England with more conversions and church membership. This spiritual awakening took place from 1735 up until 1745. (Brief Outline Notes on the Great Awakening, 1735-45 ) Most of this had taken place within the American Colonies, especially New England.(McCormick, pars. 9) . The Great Awakening had many causes, however the consequences benefitted many. Many people were moving farther and farther away from religion, the GreatRead MoreAnalysis Of The First Great Awakening1219 Words   |  5 Pagesfrom late 17th century to early 18th century, the First Great Awakening was a period of religious growth throughout the British American colonies from approximately 1720 to the 1740s. This awakening was led by many religious figures such as John Wesley - a founder of Methodism in the Church of England, George Whitefield - an Anglican who preached throughout the colonies from 1739 to 1740, and Jonathan Edwards - an Apologist of the Great Awakening who led the revival in Northampton, Massachusetts. AlthoughRead MoreThe First Great Awakening By George Whitefield1709 Words   |  7 PagesThe First Great Awakening As stated by one of the fathers of the First Great Awakening, George Whitefield â€Å"True conversion means turning not only from sin but also from depending on self-made righteousness. Those who trust in their own righteousness for conversion hide behind their own good works. This is the reason that self-righteous people are so angry with gospel preachers, because the gospel does not spare those who will not submit to the righteousness of Jesus Christ!† ( TheRead MoreEnlightenment And The Great Awakening814 Words   |  4 Pages In the 18th century, Enlightenment and the Great Awakening changed the idea of freedom for the colonists. The Great Awakening was a time of religious revival in the colonies. Enlightenment was an intellectual movement in the 18th century which emphasized economic and political freedom. American and British tensions grew in this time period due to Britain wanting America to be under the king’s control. Enlightenment, the Great Awa kening, the Founding Fathers, and different social groups changed theRead MoreAnalysis of the Great Awakening and Revolutionary Thought1655 Words   |  7 PagesAnalysis of the Great Awakening and Revolutionary Thought In the 1730s and the 1740s, religious revival swept through the New England and Middle Colonies. Through these revivals, the colonists came to view religion as a discrete and personal experience between God and man which, â€Å"undermined legally established churches and their tax supported ministers.† (Henretta, P. 112) Joseph Tracey was the first person to describe this period of revivalism as, ‘the Great Awakening.’ In 1841, Joseph TracyRead MoreThe American Revolution And The War For Independence779 Words   |  4 Pageslaws without representation from colonists, which led colonists to question the king’s authority. As a result, historians argue that the American Revolution was based on economics. More significant causes of the American Revolution were politics, culture, and religion. Politics were a significant cause because the colonist disliked the rules and regulations of the Charter that the King established. Culture also caused the Revolution due to the rational thinking of the Enlightenment. The EnlightenmentRead MoreThe Great Awakening And Enlightenment991 Words   |  4 Pages The ages of Great Awakening and Enlightenment were two of the earliest movements in the early colonies. These movements proved that people can be influenced in many different ways in relation to politics and religion. The Great Awakening called for the revival of the evangelical movement, while the age of Enlightenment took the focus off of the traditional church and dared colonists to apply individualistic views of religion, thus birthing many new religious denominations that challenged traditionalRead MoreImpact of Second Great Awakening on Modern Society1415 Words   |  6 PagesImpact of the Second Great Awakening in Modern-Day Society The Second Great Awakening laid the foundations of the development of present-day religious beliefs and establishments, moral views, and democratic ideals in the United States. Beginning back in late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century,1 this Protestant awakening sought to reach out the un-churched and bring people to a much more personal and vivid experience of Christianity. Starting on the SouthernRead More Kate Chopin Gives a Womans Voice to Realism Essay example1173 Words   |  5 Pageswoman in the society Chopin creates is of special interest and relevance. (Robinson 6) Introduction to Kate Chopin Before Kate Chopin came onto the writing scene, women had an insignificant role in society. Women never did anything that would cause some sort of controversy. All literature focused around a male main character as well. Most stories being written at the time were about male characters and their stories, not the women. Kate Chopin changed that. Kate Chopin was born KatherineRead MoreReligious Revitalization Movement : The First Great Awakening1658 Words   |  7 PagesReligious Revitalization Movement, The First Great Awakening The First Great Awakening, was a religious revitalization movement that came through the Atlantic region, and even more so in the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s, forever impacting American religion is widely known as the most important event for American religion during the eighteenth century. The First Great Awakening was inspired by an English Methodist known as George Whitefield along with other ministers, when many people

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Dead Man Walking Analysis Of The Movie Essay Example For Students

Dead Man Walking Analysis Of The Movie Essay People in society today have changed their feelings towards humanity and religious practises. This change is seen clearly in the movie Dead Man Walking. The characters go through changes in their view of religion and their feelings about human morality and humanity towards each other. The characters of Sister Helen, Matthew, and the victims parents all went through these changes during the movie for different reasons. These emotional changes that the characters went through are very common. Everyone changes their ideals and morals depending on their situation. Matthews ideals changed because he feared that he was going to die alone. Sister Helens feelings changed because she saw a side of Matthew that no one else was able to see. The parents of the victim Hope were filled with revenge because of what Matthew did, not why he did it. The father of the victim Walter was very sympathetic, he understanding of what Matthew was going through. SISTER HELEN Sister Helen was very unsure about what she was doing in life. She became a nun to give back to the community which gave her good Christian morals and values. By becoming a nun she was able to teach others to respect life and become more like Jesus A Son of God. As a child Sister Helen was taught to be very supportive and to give this support to those who needed her help. When confronted with Matthew, Sister Helen tries to see the good in him and show him the respect she believes he deserves. She believes that there is good in all man and that every person deserves respect. Sister Helen understands that what Matthew did was wrong, but she also knows that every person is worth more than their worst act, and that ,No man deserves to die . . . . In Sister Helens mind every man deserves a chance. From insight into her background and Christian upbringing Sister Helen is able to see and feel for Matthew as a person and not as an object of scum or as a monster . The medias understanding and the victims parents understanding is that Sister Helen believes that Matthew was wronged by the system. They feel like they have been betrayed by a Gods messenger Sister Helen. To them Sister Helen is on Matthews side by helping him find God. Sister Helen is being torn apart because she does no want to hurt anyones feelings. She is compassionate and sympathetic to everyones feelings, but does not mean to hurt any by her actions of helping a murderer find God. At the end of the movie Sister Helen wants Matthew to see a face of love Hers not one of hate and resentment The Victims Parents. This means a lot to her because she has seen Matthew the person no longer Matthew the monster. Sister Helen felt compassionate towards Matthew because of the person he had become through getting to know her and understand what she believed and wanted. MATTHEW At the beginning of the movie Matthew is rude and abrupt to Sister Helen thats what happens on death row, you start to hate and resent everyone. Matthew never thought that he would be visiting with a nun. Soon Matthew trusts Sister Helen and persuades her to help him by filing a petition not to kill him by lethal injection. This was a turning point in his attitude in understanding right and wrong. Matthew thinks that he got screwed by the system thats why hes going to die, not because he did something wrong. Matthew never had anyone that really cared about him except Sister Helen. .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .postImageUrl , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:hover , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:visited , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:active { border:0!important; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:active , .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uaf7a15ed7702812a19c85b662ba1527d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Poetry Analysis for you EssayMatthew was always lonely and only cared about number one Himself . By talking and sharing with Sister Helen he starts to understand what he did was wrong. Matthews mother was asked to pled for his life. This allowed the media and the parents of the victims to see him as someones child much like their own, and to explain that he was good boy not a monster. She explained in court that he had, had a hard life but he was a good boy. Matthew wanted to protect his mother and not let her see him on trial for what he did. Matthew wanted to keep his pride by not seeing his mother crying for him. He wanted her to be happy and to not worry about him. This compassion is crucial to the total change in ideals and morals that Matthew has now After knowing Sister Helen. Matthew was going through a lot of changes now that he was going to die within a week. His understanding of life and humanity changed drastically from being a racist, saying that all the Black are victims and keep having slavery, to feeling compassion to everyone. Many of these feelings are because of his understanding of human life, as his life nears the end. This changes are all caused by the situation he is in. At the end Matthew hopes that the father of Walter the victim can forgive him and accept that he knows what he was wrong and should be punished for it, but not punished to death. Hopes farther does forgive him at the vary end of the movie. As for the parents of Hope, Matthew hopes that his death makes them happy even after the death of their son. Matthew also accepts responsibility for what he did and Sister Helen explains to him that by doing that he is now a son of God and can die with dignity. This is what was needed for Matthew, as a person.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Use tables or graphs to illustrate the price stability performance of Japan Essay Example

Use tables or graphs to illustrate the price stability performance of Japan Essay Japans economic slump, which began with a stock market crash in 1989, now lies in its fourth recession in ten years. The Asian banking and financial crisis has had a profound effect on this, the second largest economy in the world. Japanese under performing banks are carrying Yen150 trillion ($1.3 trillion) of bad loans. State-run corporations are dragging productivity down, unemployment is rising and Japanese consumer confidence remains low. Macroeconomic policy is proving highly unstable as Japans illness that of deflation remains predominant. Price stability is defined as the sustained absence of both inflation and deflation. (Mc Aleese: p.294, 2001). Further economic agents can make decisions regarding economic activity without being concerned about the fluctuation of the general price level. Along with effective fiscal policy, the control of government spending, low unemployment levels, controlled interest rates and hence inflation rates, macroeconomic policy is maintained. The most serious aspect of Japans economic sickness is deflation. Japans paralysis, where ineffective control measures have had many negative results, will now be discussed. Price Stability: We will write a custom essay sample on Use tables or graphs to illustrate the price stability performance of Japan specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Use tables or graphs to illustrate the price stability performance of Japan specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Use tables or graphs to illustrate the price stability performance of Japan specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Price stability, or rather instability in Japans case, is characterised by the prolonged presence of deflation. The stock market is hovering around a 19 year low. The Nikkei 225, the most commonly used Share Price Index, had stood at 14 times the Dow through the 1980s. However in February 2002 it dropped below the Dow Jones Industrial for the first time since 1957. Japans persistent decline in the general price level is again indicated by the Consumer Price Index. Prices have shown a 1% fall per annum. These falling price levels have increased real debt burdens. National debt stands at over 130% of GDP ( Also Japans banks are chronically weak and burdened by duff loans of Yen37 trillion, about 7% of GDP. So Japanese banks have been left carrying excess bad loans, forcing them to cut lending. Together with depressed consumer spending it has proved impossible for the Bank of Japan to deliver the negative real interest rates that the economy needs to revive demand. Interest rates in Japan stand at virtually 0%. However most companies are not investing but paying down their debts (mentioned above). This adverse impact on investment is also due to the fact that real long-term interest rates in Japan have reached high percentages. The fact that interest rates stand at zero has kept inefficient firms afloat and delayed restructuring. This has contradicted Japans bust advantage. Structural adjustment and creative destruction can prove positive outcomes of negative fluctuations. However, rigid labour and product markets, along with the Japanese keiretsu relationship have hindered the weeding out of inefficient firms. Simultaneously, low interest rates have led to low inflation rates (-0.6% in 2001). This has reflected weak demand and thus the economic slowdown. These supply-side factors, such as the intensification of global competition and deregulation, have put additional downward pressure on prices. This is contributing to the high debt ratio and subsequent price destruction. This bout of recession and deflation has not only had negative impact on CPI, share prices, investment and inflation but also on property prices. Since 1991, commercial property prices have dropped by an average of 84% in Japans six biggest cities ( Housing demand has also collapsed since 1996. Analysis: It remains evident that Japans economy lies in uncertainty, where consistent unstable price performance has given rise to the lost decade. Its current situation comprises of internal factors (e.g. buyer uncertainty) and external factors (e.g. the U.S. current bubble burst). These counter-cyclical variables have had the following negative effect the decrease in economic activity in Japan has led to the increased unemployment rate (+5.3%), bankruptcies, non-performance loans etc. Analysing Japans current prolonged crisis, it becomes evident that it displays attributes of Keynesian economics. The existing shifts in aggregate demand, the low rate of investment and price rigidities, all clearly display this. Price stability is an indispensable prerequisite to ensure sustainable development of the economy (Masaru Hayami, Governor Bank of Japan). 77 year-old Mr. Hayami however has failed so far to deliver such a position. This political paralysis, where political resistance to reform is demonstrated, is hindering Japans recovery. Again, the current Japanese Prime Minister, Junichiro Koizumi (elected April 2001), who unveiled a series of economic reforms has met with little success against this rigid political system, resistant to reform. Furthermore his termination of Makiko Tanaka (his Foreign Minister) in January 2002, along with his lack of co-operation with Economics Minister, Heizo Takenaka, has left Japan still in search of a cure. Is there Evidence of Inflation or Deflation in Japan at the moment? What problems might be associated with very low inflation or deflation? Deflation is defined as the persistent decline in the general price level of goods and services1. The most common measure of inflation statistics is the Consumer Price Index (CPI). In Japan, this has fallen at a rate of about 1% since 1999. If the GDP Deflator is used this deflationary trend can be traced back to 1995. The difference between potential and actual GDP is called the output gap. This is another indicator of price stability (or instability). Price stability is defined as the sustained absence of deflation (falling prices) and inflation (rising prices). It is fundamental to the second pillar of the new consensus, macroeconomic stability. Therefore policy makers welcome disinflation and low inflation. Owing to the bias2 in constructing CPI indices, an inflation rate of 0-2% has become acceptable. There are certain costs of changing prices regardless of whether these are due to high inflation or deflation. There is a loss in efficiency as menu costs and shoe leather costs are incurred. Additionally, the necessary fiscal and monetary policies required to attain stability are costly. More specifically, why is deflation problematic? Initially, falling prices seem like a good thing and people feel as if they have more money in their pockets to spend. Even those on a fixed income, (state pensions, social welfare) benefit from an increase in real income. In spite of all this, the far-reaching contagion effects of deflation mean it is a phenomenon to be avoided. Rather than spending more on the goods, which they can now afford, a continuous fall in prices means that consumer and investor spending actually slows down. Consumers and businesses are reluctant to buy goods, which they expect to drop in value in the near future. Such speculation curbs investment and saving increases. In an effort to encourage borrowing for investment, nominal interest rates fall and approach zero. Since the nominal interest rate is the opportunity cost of holding money, savings further increase. This fall in investment demand and activity retards economic growth. Furthermore, since the nominal interest rate cannot fall below zero, the real interest rate will always be positive. In times of deflation, the burden of debt therefore increases. It would seem that lenders gain and borrowers lose. The problem for lenders occurs when debt rises too high and borrowers cannot afford repayments. Banks who earn profits through loan repayments cannot attract big borrowers. T his type of debt deflation is the main problem in the Japanese economy today but is also reminiscent of the Great Depression in the 1930s. In times of low economic growth, it is typical to lower the currency value thereby making exports more attractive to foreign investors. However, the low nominal interest rates induced by deflation have caused foreign demand for the Yen to rise. The Yen remains strong and exports remain relatively expensive. On the whole, wages are accepted to be ratchet. This means that even if prices are falling, the nominal wage rate will not fall. Higher debt repayments and squeezed profits mean that the pressure on companies to cut costs is twofold. This leads to a Darwinian shake-out as companies see job cuts as the only option to save on costs. Deflation is clearly at the root of Japans failing economy. Policy makers must now look to the formulation and implementation of an effective plan to fight deflation if there is any hope of a recovery.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Roe vs Wade Ruling

Roe vs Wade Ruling This refers to the 1973 controversial case where the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional all state laws that prevented women from procuring an abortion. In many states, abortion was considered the killing of the unborn hence it was unconstitutional.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Roe vs Wade Ruling the Result of the Supreme Court specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The states regulated abortion since they only allowed it when the life of the mother was in danger. The Dallas court ruled that women had to be allowed to procure an abortion at any stage. The court observed that a woman would conduct an abortion at the first trimester, as well as the second, but it outlawed abortion at the third trimester. However, the decision of the court was that abortion could still be conducted at the third trimester provided the health of the mother was in danger. The ruling of the court was controversial since it divided the nat ion into two factions, with one side supporting the decision while another faction was opposed to the decision. The culture wars that are currently experienced in the country are the result of the Supreme Court on Roe v. Wade ruling. The states restricted abortion mainly because women had no right to make decisions on reproduction. The decision came at the time when feminism was taking root in the country. Some of the feminist law scholars claimed that the constitutional rights of Roe had been violated since the Texas law could not allow her to procure an abortion, yet she was uncomfortable with it. Roe observed that she could not tour a different state since she was pregnant. In this regard, she had to be permitted to end the pregnancy in a safer setting. The District Attorney, Wade, was mentioned as the correspondent. The jury established that the Texas law had violated the rights of the complainant, Roe. The state attorney was not satisfied with the decision of the Dallas Court a nd he decided to appeal to the Supreme Court to review the case once more. The Supreme Court conducted an assessment on the decision of the Dallas court in 1971 and 1972. The Supreme Court gave a decision that upheld the previous ruling, claiming that the Texas law had violated the constitutional rights of Roe. It was established that her right to privacy had been compromised hence she had to be allowed to procure an abortion. The Supreme Court invoked the First, Fourth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments in issuing the ruling. In the constitution, the above amendments suggest that issues related to marriage, the use of contraception, ant the upbringing of children are private. In this regard, the court upheld that women have the right to decide whether to keep the pregnancy or terminate it.Advertising Looking for essay on administrative law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The ruling of the Supreme Court on Roe v. Wad e is still under review among societal members since some individuals believe that life is sacred and should be preserved under all conditions. Some are of the view that abortion should only be procured at some stages, but once a fetus is five months old, it should not be disturbed unless the life of the mother is in danger. Some conservatives suggest that abortion should not be allowed to go on in society since it amounts to murder. In this regard, it should be illegalized and all those found doing it should be prosecuted. On the other hand, liberals argue that abortion should be legalized and the government should offer free abortion to all women since it is their constitutional right.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

ESSAY To what extent has the nature of power in Western liberal

To what extent has the nature of power in Western liberal democratic states changed in recent decades In your answer, ex - Essay Example Modern democracy can be dated from the late 18th century although medieval Poland and some states of the Greek cities had democratic aspects. Democracy as the rule by people. In order for a country to be considered democratic, it should choose its leaders using competitive and fair elections. It should adhere to the constitution and ensure fundamental civil liberties. While some analysts assert that a democracy needs to have a strong civil society, civic culture, and capitalist economy, others do not include these criteria when defining democracy. Democratization is therefore the process by which a country adopts such a regime as defined above. This means that when a country is democratized, it is democratic. It also means that every other person is entitled to his or her opinion regarding matters that concern governance. Unlike dictatorial regimes where one voice speaks and others follow, in democratic regimes it is the voices of the majority rule. This means that in case of electio ns or matters that bring disagreement, every person is given an opportunity to stand by what he or she thinks is the right option. As stated above democratization is a relatively recent practice. In the early days, monarchs ruled nations. These were kings and queens and in some cases, the church. The king’s word was final. ... There however seems to be little agreement among political analysts regarding how the process of democratization occurs, including the criteria used to ascertain if democratization has indeed occurred. Many countries adopt democratic governments only to watch them collapse through military coups and other revolts that lead to authoritarian regimes. The first pointer is that citizens should be able to govern themselves by conducting regular elections, which determine their top leaders periodically. This is referred to as representative democracy. These regular elections also serve as avenues through which policies that govern the people are chosen. An example is the voting process which determines if a constitution is to be passed or not through a referendum. Secondly, the right to vote is accorded to all adults. This however has been a recent addition since governments that were referred to as democratic not so long ago used to exclude women, slaves, and free males who did not meet c ertain literacy or property requirements. If a country restricts this franchise from the voting process, then it cannot be considered as democratic. A perfect example is the apartheid regime in South Africa whereby the only people who voted were minority whites. The third indicator is the acceptance of democratic rights. These particular rights include the right to contest for the highest office, the right to have everyone’s vote count equally, the right to vote and the right to create and form political parties and groups. Then there is a law, which is above the state. All authorities on the particular country should adhere to this law. It provides the framework for democratic rule and protects the democratic rights of the people. Therefore,

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Macroeconomic Influences and Future Trends Essay

Macroeconomic Influences and Future Trends - Essay Example For instance, the effects of factors like gender, marital status or ethnicity could either be strong or weak depending on their interactions with each other. It is like they borrow something from other factors in order to reinforce the strength of their impacts. Income is important for one simple reason. It determines peoples capability to purchase health care products and services. Wealthy people or wealthy countries are in a better position to secure better health than those from poorer class and countries because they can afford it. Fuchs pointed this out when he explained the relationship between health and income in a cross country analysis, where it was found that life expectancy is related to Gross Domestic Product per capita (Fuchs, 2004, p. 655). The high income class or those people who have the purchasing power also exert influence in the performance of the health care market within several economic principles such as perfect competition. Consumers could help drive up demand for certain products and services. The fact is that strong and capable consumer sector means vibrant health care market that necessitates best performance from all stakeholders such as the government and health care producers. The economic status of countries is also significant in the differences in medical standards followed both in education and in practice. In higher income societies, the health care industry can reach its most ideal condition because most elements are present and working. Such capability also launches several variables such as political pressure. The collective strength of consumers could help shape policymaking as engagement or activism can assume the role of a pressure group. This is significant given the fact that governments h ave the power to intervene, control and regulate health care. In cases of budgetary gaps, for example, the macroeconomic conditions are significantly altered, say, when the government